Peripheral Vertigo Vs Central Vertigo – What Is the Difference?

Peripheral Vertigo vs central vertigo relief infographic

Peripheral Vertigo Vs Central Vertigo

In short, the difference between peripheral and central vertigo is the source of the symptom. Peripheral vertigo is generally caused by problems in the inner ear. Central vertigo is related to a problem in the central nervous system (CNS) that leads to vertigo. Let’s take a closer look at these two types of vertigo as well as a natural remedy that may help both types in certain cases.


What Is Peripheral Vertigo?

This is the far more common type of vertigo. Again, it is primarily related to the inner ear. Here are a few conditions that are classified as peripheral vertigo:

  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) – The most common form of vertigo, BPPV is believed to be caused by calcium crystals in the ear being out of position.
  • Labyrinthitis – Inflammation occurs in the inner ear, most commonly resulting from a viral infection.
  • Meniere’s Disease – Fluid builds up in the ear resulting in vertigo, tinnitus, and partial hearing loss.


What Is Central Vertigo?

Central vertigo refers to problems in the central nervous system that lead to vertigo. It may be a problem with the brainstem or in the messages traveling to and from the brain. What is the number one cause of central vertigo? Migraines.

There are some less common but far more serious causes of central vertigo including stroke, a tumor, or multiple sclerosis (MS). If you believe you or a loved one is having a stroke, call the emergency services immediately.

Peripheral Vertigo vs central vertigo relief infographic

Relief from Vertigo Related to the Ear and the CNS

Upper cervical chiropractic care can actually provide benefit for many patients suffering from either peripheral or central vertigo. How is this the case?

Peripheral vertigo may occur due to a misalignment of the C1 that creates a lesion on the Eustachian tube. This can take up to 15 years to occur and may be related to Meniere’s disease. A misalignment at the top of the neck can also affect blood flow to the ears, providing further physical cause for vertigo.

The same misalignment can affect brainstem function and inhibit signals traveling to and from the brain. This can lead to central vertigo, especially in connection with migraines.

If you are suffering from vertigo, especially if you have a head or neck injury in your past, upper cervical chiropractic may be the drug-free solution you’ve been searching for.

Find An Upper Cervical Doctor in Your Areato schedule a consultation today.


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The content and materials provided in this web site are for informational and educational purposes only and are not intended to supplement or comprise a medical diagnosis or other professional opinion, or to be used in lieu of a consultation with a physician or competent health care professional for medical diagnosis and/or treatment. All content and materials including research papers, case studies and testimonials summarizing patients' responses to care are intended for educational purposes only and do not imply a guarantee of benefit. Individual results may vary, depending upon several factors including age of the patient, severity of the condition, severity of the spinal injury, and duration of time the condition has been present.